The requirement of CUL1 for Arabidopsis embryogenesis suggests that Skp1-CUL1-F-box protein (SCF) complexes play important roles during embryo development. Among the 21 Arabidopsis Skp1-like genes (ASKs), it is unknown which ASK gene(s) is essential for embryo development. In this study, we demonstrate a vital role for ASK1 and ASK2 in Arabidopsis embryogenesis and postembryonic development through analysis of the ask1 ask2 double mutant. Our detailed analysis indicates that the double mutations in both ASK1 and ASK2 affect cell division and cell expansion/elongation and cause a developmental delay during embryogenesis and lethality in seedling growth. The expression patterns of ASK1 and ASK2 were examined further and found to be consistent with their roles in embryogenesis and seedling development. We propose that mutations in ASK1 and ASK2 abolish all of the ASK1- and ASK2-based SCF and non-SCF complexes, resulting in alteration of gene expression and leading to defects in growth and development.