The association between specific types of childhood adversity and psychosis prodromal symptoms: what is the predictive role of resilience, coping style and social support?

Donncha Hanna, Ciaran Shannon, David Mongan, Ciaran Mulholland

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Psychotic experiences occur commonly in the general population. Some people with such experiences are at risk of developing psychosis, or may be at an early pre-clinical stage of disorder (the psychosis prodrome).
This presentation with present the results of an online survey was conducted with a US-based general population sample of 748 participants (aged 18 – 35 years) using Amazon’s Mechanical Turk website. Participants completed the following validated scales: the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (ACE-Q), the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16), the Brief COPE Scale, the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and the Neighbourhood Cohesion Scale (NCS). A series of backwards stepwise hierarchical regression analyses was employed to determine the predictors of PQ-16 score.
Of the specific types of childhood adversity on the ACE-Q, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect and household mental health difficulties were significant predictors of PQ-16 score. The adverse childhood experience of physical neglect, the coping style of denial and level of individual resilience were the strongest predictors of PQ-16 scores. Perceived social support (from the MSPSS) and neighbourhood cohesion (from the NCS) were not significantly predictive.
The results of this cross-sectional study support the association between experience of childhood adversity and prodromal psychotic symptoms, with physical neglect emerging as the most predictive type of trauma. Individual resilience and coping styles were also important additional predictive factors which may modulate this relationship. These suggest potential strategies on which to focus for early intervention and prevention.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted - 2017
EventNIBPS conference: The annual Northern Ireland British Psychological Society conference -
Duration: 23 Mar 201724 Mar 2017

Conference

ConferenceNIBPS conference
Period23/03/201724/03/2017

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