The benefits of carbon black, gold and magnetic nanomaterials for point-of-harvest electrochemical quantification of domoic acid

Joost L D Nelis, Davide Migliorelli, Safiye Jafari, Silvia Generelli, Javier Lou-Franco, J Pablo Salvador, M Pilar Marco, Cuong Cao, Christopher T Elliott, Katrina Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Gold nanostars (GNST), gold nanospheres (GNP) and carbon black (CB) are chosen as alternative nanomaterials to modify carbon screen-printed electrodes (c-SPEs). The resulting three kinds of modified c-SPEs (GNP-SPE, CB-SPE and GNSP-SPE) were electrochemically and microscopically characterized and compared with standardized c-SPEs after pretreatment with phosphate buffer by pre-anodization (pre-SPE). The results show outstanding electrochemical performance of the carbon black-modified SPEs which show low transient current, low capacitance and good porosity. A competitive chronoamperometric immunoassay for the shellfish toxin domoic acid (DA) is described. The performances of the CB-SPE, GNP-SPE and pre-SPE were compared. Hapten-functionalized magnetic beads were used to avoid individual c-SPE functionalization with antibody while enhancing the signal by creating optimum surface proximity for electron transfer reactions. This comparison shows that the CB-SPE biosensor operated best at a potential near - 50 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) and enables DA to be determined with a detection limit that is tenfold lower compared to pre-SPE (4 vs. 0.4 ng mL-1). These results show very good agreement with HPLC data when analysing contaminated scallops, and the LOD is 0.7 mg DA kg-1 of shellfish. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the magnetic bead-based immunoassay for the quantification of domoic acid (DA) in shellfish with nanomaterial-modified screen-printed electrodes. CB, carbon black; GNP, gold nanospheres; GNST, gold nanostars; MB, magnetic beads; DA-mAb, anti-DA monoclonal mouse antibody; HRP-pAb, horseradish conjugated polyclonal goat anti-mouse antibody; DA-BSA, bovine serum albumin conjugated DA; HQ, hydroquinone; BQ, benzoquinone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164
JournalMIKROCHIMICA ACTA
Volume187
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2020

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