The BTA stat test: A tumor marker for the detection of upper tract transitional cell carcinoma

Ian K. Walsh*, Patrick F. Keane, Laura M. Ishak, Karen A. Flessland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives. To conduct a prospective evaluation to determine the utility of the BTA stat test in the detection of upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (UTTCC). Monitoring for UTTCC currently relies on invasive procedures such as upper tract imaging, ureteral washing cytology (UWC) and/or ureteroscopy, or voided urine cytology (VUC). The BTA stat test is a sensitive qualitative immunoassay that detects human complement factor H-related protein in voided urine. Methods. A total of 81 patients participated, 27 with histopathologically confirmed UTTCC, 26 with upper tract calculi, and 28 with microscopic hematuria but no evidence of urologic disease. Voided specimens collected before surgery or treatment were tested with the BTA stat test and VUC. UWC was performed in specimens collected by a ureteral catheter. Results. The BTA stat test was significantly more sensitive and specific than VUC or UWC. The overall sensitivity for each was 82%, 11%, and 48%; the specificity was 89%, 54%, and 33%. The positive predictive value for the BTA stat test was 79% and the negative predictive value was 91%, both the highest of the three tests.Conclusions. The BTA stat test was superior to VUC and UWC in the detection of UTTCC. These results may support the adoption of a less aggressive follow-up policy when monitoring for UTTCC when the BTA stat result is negative. If cystoscopy is negative and the BTA stat test is positive, upper tract investigations should be expedited and, if the bladder is in place, bladder biopsies performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-535
Number of pages4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 09 Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • RISK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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