The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is a group of Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens causing infections in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Bcc are highly antibiotic resistant, making conventional antibiotic treatment problematic. The identification of novel targets for anti-virulence therapies should improve therapeutic options for infected CF patients. We previously identified that the peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein (Pal) was immunogenic in Bcc infected CF patients; however, its role in Bcc pathogenesis is unknown. The virulence of a pal deletion mutant (Δpal) in Galleria mellonella was 88-fold reduced (p<0.001) compared to wild-type. The lipopolysaccharide profiles of wild-type and Δpal were identical, indicating no involvement of Pal in O-antigen transport. However, Δpal was more susceptible to polymyxin B. Structural elucidation by X-ray crystallography and calorimetry demonstrated that Pal binds peptidoglycan fragments. Δpal showed a 1.5-fold reduced stimulation of IL-8 in CF epithelial cells relative to wild-type (p<0.001), demonstrating that Pal is a significant driver of inflammation. The Δpal mutant had reduced binding to CFBE41o- cells, but adhesion of Pal-expressing recombinant E. coli to CFBE41o- cells was enhanced compared to wild-type E. coli, confirming that Pal plays a direct role in host cell attachment. Overall, Bcc Pal mediates host cell attachment and stimulation of cytokine secretion, contributing to Bcc pathogenesis.