The Case for Geographical Indication Protection of the Mozambique White Prawn, Report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNCTAD/ALDC/2022/2

Pratyush Nath Upreti, Stefano Inama , Gianluigi Negroni

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This study analyses the Mozambique experience of protecting and promoting fisheries with an emphasis on exploring geographical indication (GI) protection for the white prawn of Mozambique. It is achieved through an in-depth review of data collected from local stakeholders, reports based on past technical support provided by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the literature on GIs, and international and regional treaties and reports, among others. Fishery products such as Mozambican prawns are highly recommended for GI certification, as they have high demand from both local and international consumers. GIs hold great importance to least developed countries (LDCs) such as Mozambique, which have potential products that would receive special status for their unique qualities and would be able to promote those in international markets and generate revenues. The Mozambique white prawn (Penaeus indicus), found in shallow waters, is the product with the highest commercial value in Mozambique, contributing to the generation of profits, net income in foreign exchange, the balance of trade of the country, employment, and improvement of the diet of the population.

The GI specification requires a detailed examination of potential products; therefore, consultation from experts and stakeholders is essential to understand whether potential products qualify as GIs. The review and analysis, presented in the form of a technical specification for the Mozambican white prawn registration, confirm that it fulfils the Mozambican national legislation for GI protection. In line with the Mozambican government’s commitment to rural development and improving people’s lives, the study suggests using GI as a tool for sustainability in Mozambican rural areas. This can be achieved by strong coordination between local actors, relevant stakeholders, and institutional structures to market, monitor, and maintain GIs.The strong intervention of the Mozambican government, including the Ministry of Sea, Inland Waters, and Fisheries (MIMAIP), to liaise with nodal departments and institutions working in the fisheries sector is essential to ensure the comprehensive technical specification required for GI protection. Similarly, MIMAIP, in coordination with Mozambique Industrial Property Institute (IPI), is encouraged to initiate preparation to develop a post-GI registration strategy for the white prawn to maximize the benefits of GI protection. This should be done by public/private dialogue to acquire consensus on product selection and geographical demarcation for applicable GIs.

The study recommends that all actors be appropriately trained for them to perform their designated roles. For them to achieve their tasks, they should form external collaborations with national and international agencies and bodies to receive technical support and international financial aid. To this end, the draft technical specifications prepared in this study must be discussed through the workshop by bringing together all stakeholders and interest groups working on fisheries. Such an arrangement will allow ‘community ownership’ in protecting and promoting the white prawn as a GI in Mozambique.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUnited Nations
Commissioning bodyUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Number of pages59
ISBN (Electronic)9789210014502
ISBN (Print)9789211130386
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sept 2022


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