The Castalia Mission to Main Belt Comet 133P/Elst-Pizarro

C. Snodgrass, Geraint H. Jones, H. Boehnhardt, A. Gibbings, M. Homeister, N. Andre, P. Beck, M. S. Bentley, I. Bertini, N. Bowles, M. T. Capria, R. Carr-Hill, Michele Ceriotti, A. J. Coates, V. Della Corte, K. L. Donaldson Hanna, A. Fitzsimmons, J.P. Gutierrez, O. R. Hainaut, A. HeriqueM. Hilchenbach, H. H. Hsieh, E. Jehin, O. Karatekin, W. Kofman, L.-M. Lara, K. Laudan, Javier Licandro, S. C. Lowry, F. Marzari, A. Masters, Karen J. Meech, E.F. Torres Moreno, A. Morse, Roberto Orosei, A. Pack, D. Plettemeier, D. Prialnik, A. Rotundi, Mesa Rubin, J. P. Sanchez, S. Sheridan, M. Trieloff, A. Winterboer

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Abstract

We describe Castalia, a proposed mission to rendezvous with a Main Belt Comet (MBC), 133P/Elst-Pizarro. MBCs are a recently discovered population of apparently icy bodies within the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, which may represent the remnants of the population which supplied the early Earth with water. Castalia will perform the first exploration of this population by characterising 133P in detail, solving the puzzle of the MBC's activity, and making the first in situ measurements of water in the asteroid belt. In many ways a successor to ESA's highly successful Rosetta mission, Castalia will allow direct comparison between very different classes of comet, including measuring critical isotope ratios, plasma and dust properties. It will also feature the first radar system to visit a minor body, mapping the ice in the interior. Castalia was proposed, in slightly different versions, to the ESA M4 and M5 calls within the Cosmic Vision programme. We describe the science motivation for the mission, the measurements required to achieve the scientific goals, and the proposed instrument payload and spacecraft to achieve these.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Early online date11 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 11 Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

Accepted for publication in Advances in Space Research (special issue on Small Body Exploration). 30 pages

Keywords

  • astro-ph.EP

Cite this

Snodgrass, C., Jones, G. H., Boehnhardt, H., Gibbings, A., Homeister, M., Andre, N., Beck, P., Bentley, M. S., Bertini, I., Bowles, N., Capria, M. T., Carr-Hill, R., Ceriotti, M., Coates, A. J., Corte, V. D., Hanna, K. L. D., Fitzsimmons, A., Gutierrez, J. P., Hainaut, O. R., ... Winterboer, A. (2017). The Castalia Mission to Main Belt Comet 133P/Elst-Pizarro. Advances in Space Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.011