The complex effects of the slow-releasing hydrogen sulfide donor GYY4137 in a model of acute joint inflammation and in human cartilage cells

Ling Li, Bridget Fox, Julie Keeble, Manuel Salto-Tellez, Paul G Winyard, Mark E Wood, Philip K Moore, Matthew Whiteman

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Abstract

The role of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) in inflammation remains unclear with both pro- and anti-inflammatory actions of this gas described. We have now assessed the effect of GYY4137 (a slow-releasing H2 S donor) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-evoked release of inflammatory mediators from human synoviocytes (HFLS) and articular chondrocytes (HAC) in vitro. We have also examined the effect of GYY4137 in a complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) model of acute joint inflammation in the mouse. GYY4137 (0.1-0.5 mM) decreased LPS-induced production of nitrite (NO2 (-) ), PGE2 , TNF-a and IL-6 from HFLS and HAC, reduced the levels and catalytic activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and reduced LPS-induced NF-?B activation in vitro. Using recombinant human enzymes, GYY4137 inhibited the activity of COX-2, iNOS and TNF-a converting enzyme (TACE). In the CFA-treated mouse, GYY4137 (50 mg/kg, i.p.) injected 1 hr prior to CFA increased knee joint swelling while an anti-inflammatory effect, as demonstrated by reduced synovial fluid myeloperoxidase (MPO) and N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) activity and decreased TNF-a, IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8 concentration, was apparent when GYY4137 was injected 6 hrs after CFA. GYY4137 was also anti-inflammatory when given 18 hrs after CFA. Thus, although GYY4137 consistently reduced the generation of pro-inflammatory mediators from human joint cells in vitro, its effect on acute joint inflammation in vivo depended on the timing of administration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-376
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume17
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jan 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2012 The Authors. Published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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