The Current States, Challenges, Ongoing Efforts, and Future Perspectives of Pharmaceutical Excipients in Pediatric Patients in Each Country and Region

Jumpei Saito*, Smita Salunke, Anjali Agrawal, Vandana Patravale, Anjali Pandya, Samuel Orubu, Min Zhao, Gavin P. Andrews, Caroline Petit-Turcotte, Hannah Landry, Helen Mao, Alysha Croker, Hidefumi Nakamura, Akimasa Yamatani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
157 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A major hurdle in pediatric formulation development is the lack of safety and toxicity data on some of the commonly used excipients. While the maximum oral safe dose for several kinds of excipients is known in the adult population, the doses in pediatric patients, including preterm neonates, are not established yet due to the lack of evidence-based data. This paper consists of four parts: (1) country-specific perspectives in different parts of the world (current state, challenges in excipients, and ongoing efforts) for ensuring the use of safe excipients, (2) comparing and contrasting the country-specific perspectives, (3) past and ongoing collaborative efforts, and (4) future perspectives on excipients for pediatric formulation. The regulatory process for pharmaceutical excipients has been developed. However, there are gaps between each region where a lack of information and an insufficient regulation process was found. Ongoing efforts include raising issues on excipient exposure, building a region-specific database, and improving excipient regulation; however, there is a lack of evidence-based information on safety for the pediatric population. More progress on clear safety limits, quantitative information on excipients of concern in the pediatric population, and international harmonization of excipients’ regulatory processes for the pediatric population are required.
Original languageEnglish
Article number453
JournalChildren
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2022

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