The design and development of high drug loading amorphous solid dispersion for hot-melt extrusion platform

Yiwei Tian*, Esther Jacobs, David S. Jones, Colin P. McCoy, Han Wu, Gavin P. Andrews

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is a formulation strategy extensively used to enhance the bioavailability of poorly water soluble drugs. Despite this, they are limited by various factors such as limited drug loading, poor stability, drug-excipient miscibility and the choice of process platforms. In this work, we have developed a strategy for the manufacture of high drug loaded ASD (HDASD) using hot-melt extrusion (HME) based platform. Three drug-polymer combinations, indomethacin-Eudragit®E, naproxen-Eudragit®E and ibuprofen-Eudragit®E, were used as the model systems. The design spaces were predicted through Flory-Huggins based theory, and the selected HDASDs at pre-defined conditions were manufactured using HME and quench-cooled melt methods. These HDASD systems were also extensively characterised via small angle/wide angle x-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, Infrared and Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. It was verified that HDASDs were successfully produced via HME platform at the pre-defined conditions, with maximum drug loadings of 0.65, 0.70 and 0.60 w/w for drug indomethacin, ibuprofen and naproxen respectively. Enhanced physical stability was further confirmed by high humidity (95%RH) storage stability studies. Through this work, we have demonstrated that by the implementation of predictive thermodynamic modelling, HDASD formulation design can be integrated into the HME process design to ensure the desired quality of the final dosage form.
Original languageEnglish
Article number119545
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Early online date14 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2020


  • amorphous
  • amorphous solid dispersion
  • thermodynamic phase diagram
  • small angle x-ray scattering
  • hot-melt extrusion
  • Flory-Huggins

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