The Development and Application of an Evolutionary Algorithm for the Determination of Kinetic Parameters in Automotive Aftertreatment Models

Andrew Pedlow, Geoffrey McCullough, Alexandre Goguet, David Sellick, Oscar Garcia-Afonso

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Abstract


Accurate mathematical models are an essential tool in the development of aftertreatment systems, as they can provide detailed information on the impact of design changes while simultaneously reducing development costs and lead times. Identifying the set of kinetic parameters that achieves a perceived acceptable level of accuracy may require significant time and effort. Optimisation techniques can be used to speed up the tuning process, however these techniques can require a large computation time, and may not produce a satisfactory answer. This invariably leads to questioning regarding the accuracy of such automated approaches. In this paper the performance of a number of optimisation algorithms including a Genetic Algorothm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimisation with niching (nPSO) and a hybrid algorithm have been explored with respect to their applicability to kinetic parameters optimization in the context of aftertreatment modelling. The different algorithms were applied to the
optimization of parameters of a number of mathematical functions and theoretical aftertreatment systems. The optimisation algorithms were tested on theoretical aftertreatment systems since these have known absolute solutions thereby allowing the optimisers' performance to be assessed in the absence of any other external source of inaccuracy such as model structure and experimental error. The results obtained demonstrate that such optimization approaches facilitate the determination of kinetics parameters with suitable accuracy. The proposed hybrid optimisation algorithm achieved excellent performance in considerably shorter computation time than the GA or nPSO optimisers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-133
JournalEmission Control Science and Technology
Volume4
Issue number2
Early online date14 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 14 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Automotive
  • Emissions
  • Catalyst
  • Kinetics
  • Optimisation

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