The Dynamics of Rapid Redshifted and Blueshifted Excursions in the Solar Hα Line

D. Kuridze, V Henriques, M. Mathioudakis, R. Erdélyi, T. V. Zaqarashvili, S. Shelyag, P. H. Keys, F. P. Keenan

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze high temporal and spatial resolution time-series of spectralscans of the Hα line obtained with the CRisp Imaging SpectroPolarimeter instrument mounted on the Swedish Solar Telescope.The data reveal highly dynamic, dark, short-lived structures known asRapid Redshifted and Blueshifted Excursions (RREs, RBEs) that areon-disk absorption features observed in the red and blue wings ofspectral lines formed in the chromosphere. We study the dynamics of RREsand RBEs by tracking their evolution in space and time, measuring thespeed of the apparent motion, line of sight (LOS) Doppler velocity, andtransverse velocity of individual structures. A statistical study oftheir measured properties shows that RREs and RBEs have similaroccurrence rates, lifetimes, lengths, and widths. They also displaynon-periodic, nonlinear transverse motions perpendicular to their axesat speeds of 4-31 km s-1. Furthermore, both typesof structures either appear as high speed jets and blobs that aredirected outwardly from a magnetic bright point with speeds of50-150 km s-1, or emerge within a few seconds. Astudy of the different velocity components suggests that the transversemotions along the LOS of the chromospheric flux tubes are responsiblefor the formation and appearance of these redshifted/blueshiftedstructures. The short lifetime and fast disappearance of the RREs/RBEssuggests that, similar to type II spicules, they are rapidly heated totransition region or even coronal temperatures. We speculate that theKelvin-Helmholtz instability triggered by observed transversemotions of these structures may be a viable mechanism for their heating.
Original languageEnglish
Article number26
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume802
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • magnetohydrodynamics: MHD
  • Sun: atmosphere
  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: oscillations
  • waves

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