The effect of 3D weaving and consolidation on carbon fiber tows, fabrics, and composites

Saul Buchanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article investigates the damage imparted on load-bearing carbon fibers during the 3D weaving process and the subsequent compaction behavior of 3D woven textile preforms. The 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with few mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibers orientated in the warp, weft, and through-the-thickness directions. Tensile tests were conducted on three types of commercially available carbon fibers, 12k HTA, 6k HTS, and 3k HTS in an attempt to quantify the effect of fiber damage induced during the 3D weaving process on the mechanical and physical performance of the fiber tows in the woven composite. The tests were conducted on fiber tows sampled from different locations in the manufacturing process from the bobbin, through the creel and loom mechanism, to the final woven fabric. Mechanical and physical testing were then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture of two styles of 3D woven composite by vacuumassisted resin transfer molding (VaRTM).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume00
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites

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