THE EFFECT OF DIAMPHENETHIDE ON PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS BY THE LIVER FLUKE, FASCIOLA-HEPATICA

Heather Anderson, Ian Fairweather, D.R. Bamford, Ian Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of the deacetylated (amine) metabolite of diamphenethide (DAMD, 10 mug ml-1) on the uptake and incorporation by adult Fasciola hepatica of radioactively labelled precursors of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis ([H-3]thymidine, [H-3]uridine and [H-3]leucine, respectively) was measured by liquid scintillation counting. Comparison was made between the effects of DAMD and those of specific inhibitors of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis, namely, 5-fluorouracil, cordycepin and cycloheximide, respectively. DAMD caused a significant decrease in the overall uptake and incorporation of [H-3]uridine by F. hepatica, decreased the incorporation of [H-3]leucine and also caused a significant decrease in the overall protein content of the flukes. The effect of DAMD was similar to that of cycloheximide (I x 10(-3) M), a potent inhibitor of protein synthesis, which also caused a significant decrease in the incorporation of [H-3]leucine by the fluke and a decrease in the overall protein content of the fluke. Cordycepin(100 mug ml-1) caused a significant decrease in the protein content of the fluke, but had no effect on the uptake or incorporation of [H-3]uridine. 5-Fluorouracil (I x 10(-4) m) did not affect the uptake or incorporation of VH]thymidine, nor did it decrease the protein content of the fluke. The results indicate that DAMD inhibits protein synthesis by F. hepatica, possibly by inhibiting RNA synthesis. The results are also consistent with previous morphological investigations involving DAMD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1053-1062
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume23
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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