The effect of socioeconomic deprivation on corneal graft survival in the United Kingdom

Paul Y. Chua, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, William Hulme, Mark N.A. Jones, Mohammed Sohaib Mustafa, Stephen B. Kaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Objective: To investigate the effect of socioeconomic deprivation on cornea graft survival in the United Kingdom.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Participants: All the recipients (n = 13?644) undergoing their first penetrating keratoplasty (PK) registered on the United Kingdom Transplant Registry between April 1999 and March 2011 were included.

Methods: Data of patients' demographic details, indications, graft size, corneal vascularization, surgical complication, rejection episodes, and postoperative medication were collected at the time of surgery and 1, 2, and 5 years postoperatively. Patients with endophthalmitis were excluded from the study. Patients' home postcodes were used to determine the socioeconomic status using a well-validated deprivation index in the United Kingdom: A Classification of Residential Neighborhoods (ACORN). Kaplan–Meier survival and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to evaluate the influence of ACORN categories on 5-year graft survival, and the Bonferroni method was used to adjust for multiple comparisons.

Main Outcome Measures: Patients' socioeconomic deprivation status and corneal graft failure.

Results: A total of 13?644 patients received their first PK during the study periods. A total of 1685 patients (13.36%) were lost to follow-up, leaving 11?821 patients (86.64%) for analysis. A total of 138 of the 11?821 patients (1.17%) developed endophthalmitis. The risk of graft failure within 5 years for the patients classified as hard-pressed was 1.3 times that of the least deprived (hazard ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.1–1.5; P = 0.003) after adjusting for confounding factors and indications. There were no statistically significant differences between the causes of graft failure and the level of deprivation (P = 0.14).

Conclusions: Patients classified as hard-pressed had an increased risk of graft failure within 5 years compared with the least deprived patients.

Financial Disclosure(s): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2436-2441
Number of pages6
Issue number12
Early online date16 Oct 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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