The effect of the addition of sodium compounds in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene over palladium catalysts

M.A. Aramendia, Robbie Burch, I.M. Garcia, A. Marinas, J.M. Marinas, B.W.L. Southward, F.J. Urbano

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene over supported palladium catalysts has been studied. The palladium catalysts: deactivate as the reaction proceeds due to the HCl formed as by-product. The effect of the addition of sodium compounds has been analysed for the neutralisation of HCl. When NaOH was added to the reaction mixture, no beneficial effect was observed due to the detrimental effect of the alkaline medium on the textural and metallic properties of the catalysts. Doping the support with NaOH prior to impregnation with the metal precursor leads (after calcination and reduction) to catalysts with better activity and tolerance to deactivation, especially those obtained when using PdCl2 as the metal precursor. Low metal dispersion and the capture of chloride by forming NaCl are the: main factors contributing to the: improved catalytic properties. Finally, doping the catalysts with NaOH or NaNO3, after reduction of the metal precursor leads to a moderate increase in initial activity and final conversion, although NaOH impregnation also gave rise to support corrosion and metal dispersion modification. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V, All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Environmental Chemistry

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