THE EFFECT OF THE SULFOXIDE METABOLITE OF TRICLABENDAZOLE (FASINEX) ON THE TEGUMENT OF MATURE AND IMMATURE STAGES OF THE LIVER FLUKE, FASCIOLA-HEPATICA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of the novel benzimidazole, triclabendazole (TCBZ) ('Fasinex', Ciba-Geigy), in its active sulphoxide metabolite form (TCBZ-SX), on the tegumental ultrastructure of Fasciola hepatica were determined in vitro by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), using both intact flukes and tissue-slice material. At a concentration of 15 mu g/ml, the tegument of the whole adult fluke showed ultrastructural changes only after prolonged time-periods, with vacuolation at the base of the syncytium and accumulation of T2 secretory bodies in the tegumental cells. At a concentration of 50 mu g/ml, with both whole flukes and tissue-slices, the tegument appeared extremely abnormal with accumulation of secretory bodies towards the base of the syncytium. With longer incubation times, the tegument was completely sloughed away and the tegumental cells became synthetically inactive. The tegument of the 3-week-old juvenile became progressively convoluted at the apex, while in the basal regions there was severe vacuolation. In the tegumental cells, there were accumulations of T1 secretory bodies. These results confirm TCBZ as a potent fasciolicide, being very effective in disrupting the fluke tegument. They may go some way to explain the mode of action of this important fasciolicide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-567
Number of pages13
JournalParasitology
Volume108
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'THE EFFECT OF THE SULFOXIDE METABOLITE OF TRICLABENDAZOLE (FASINEX) ON THE TEGUMENT OF MATURE AND IMMATURE STAGES OF THE LIVER FLUKE, FASCIOLA-HEPATICA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this