The effect of water depth on the performance of a small surging wave energy converter (WEC) is investigated analytically, numerically and experimentally. It is shown that although the average annual incident wave power is significantly reduced by water depth, a large proportion of this reduction is due to the dissipation of highly energetic, but largely unexploitable seas. It is also shown that the power capture is related more closely to incident wave force than incident wave power. Experimental results demonstrate that both the surge wave force and power capture of a flap-type WEC increase in shallow water.
Folley, M., Whittaker, T., & Henry, A. (2007). The effect of water depth on the performance of a small surging wave energy converter. Ocean Engineering, 34 (8-9)(8-9), 1265-1274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2006.05.015