The effects of district magnitude and social diversity on party system fragmentation in majoritarian systems

Christopher D. Raymond*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
229 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Cross-national models of party system fragmentation hold that social diversity and district magnitude interact: higher levels of district magnitude allow for greater expression of social diversity that leads to higher levels of party system fragmentation. Most models, however, ignore differences between majoritarian and proportional electoral rules, which may significantly alter the impact of district magnitude, as well as the way in which district magnitude impacts the translation of social cleavages into party system fragmentation. Examining the case of Singapore suggests majoritarian multimember districts limit party system fragmentation, particularly by reducing the degree to which ethnic and religious diversity are translated into political parties. Applying these insights to a standard cross-national model of party system fragmentation, the results suggest that majoritarian multimember districts produce lower levels of party system fragmentation than proportional multimember districts. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-326
Number of pages16
JournalAsian Journal of Comparative Politics
Volume2
Issue number4
Early online date21 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • district magnitude
  • ethnic diversity
  • party systems
  • religious diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations

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