The effects of multi-pulse irradiation on X-ray laser media

A. Behjat, J. Lin, G.J. Tallents, A. Demir, M. Kurkcuoglu, Ciaran Lewis, A.G. MacPhee, S.P. McCabe, P.J. Warwick, D. Neely, E. Wolfrum, S.B. Healy, G.J. Pert

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Multipulse irradiation with 100 ps pulses of stripe Germanium targets is shown to enhance by up to several orders-of-magnitude the output of Ne-like Ge lasing on the J = 0-1 line at 196 Angstrom compared to single pulse pumping. Various pre-pulse and multipulse configurations have been experimentally investigated for irradiances of approximate to 4 x 10(13) W/cm(2) with a 1.06 mu m wavelength pumping laser. The ionisation balance measured by a KeV crystal spectrometer (KAP crystal) has been found to not affect the X-ray laser output. Good agreement between the experimental results and a fluid code incorporating atomic physics, gain and X-ray beam ray tracing is obtained. The code results show that the enhanced X-ray laser output is produced by multipulse irradiation reducing the electron density gradients in the gain region and simultaneously increasing the gain region spatial size. These changes reduce the effect of refraction on the X-ray laser beam propagation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalOptics Communications
Publication statusPublished - 1997


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