The EU referendum and the UK environment: The Future Under a 'Hard' and a 'Soft' Brexit

Charlotte Burns, Andrew Jordan, Viviane Gravey

Research output: Book/ReportOther report


'Brexit means Brexit’: but what does Brexit mean for the environment? In the new EUrefEnv study, Dr Charlotte Burns (University of York), Prof Andrew Jordan and Dr Viviane Gravey (University of East Anglia) explore what Brexit may mean for UK environmental policies and governance processes by comparing two scenarios: a ‘soft’ and a ‘hard’ Brexit. A ‘soft’ Brexit would see the UK remain as close as possible to the EU, establishing a new relationship akin to Norway’s relationship with the EU. Conversely a ‘hard’ Brexit would see the UK trade with the EU under World Trade Organisation rules. Both will generate radically different impacts on policies, systems of governance and levels of environmental quality in the UK – key issues that should inform forthcoming negotiations to effect Brexit. The study concludes with suggestions for future research and policy.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUK in a Changing Europe Initiative (UKICE)
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 05 Aug 2016


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