Feeling connected to one’s future self and imagining one’s personal future (Episodic Future Thinking, EFT), are known to attenuate short-sighted decision making in adults. Less is known about how these constructs overlap, or how they relate to impulsivity in adolescents. This study investigated how future self-connectedness, EFT and a number of other future-oriented constructs relate to one another and to the tendency to discount the future. 175 adolescents (11 – 18 years) completed measures of EFT, future self-connectedness, time attitudes, temporal focus, depressive symptomatology and temporal discounting. EFT and future self-connectedness were significantly correlated, indicating adolescents who felt connected to their future selves imagined the future with greater episodic richness. EFT and future self-connectedness independently predicted discounting. Weak associations between the future-oriented constructs, and their differential relations with discounting, indicate these measures assess distinct, but loosely related temporal constructs. Results suggest that combined interventions may improve future-oriented decision making in adolescents.
Future Thinking and Medicine Adherence: A Study of Typically Developing and Chronically Ill AdolescentsAuthor: McCue, R., Jul 2020
Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis › Doctor of Philosophy