The Gastrointestinal Peptide Obestatin Induces Vascular Relaxation Via Specific Activation of Endothelium-Dependent Nitric Oxide Signalling.

Andrew Agnew, Emma Robinson, Carmel McVicar, Adam Harvey, Imran Ali, Jennifer Lindsay, Denise McDonald, Brian Green, David Grieve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


Background and purpose:
Obestatin is a recently-discovered gastrointestinal peptide with established metabolic actions, which is linked to diabetes and may exert cardiovascular benefits. Here we aimed to investigate the specific effects of obestatin on vascular relaxation.

Experimental approach:
Cumulative relaxation responses to obestatin peptides were assessed in isolated rat aorta and mesenteric artery (n=8) in the presence/absence of selective inhibitors. Complementary studies were performed in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC).

Key results:
Obestatin peptides elicited concentration-dependent relaxation in both aorta and mesenteric artery. Responses to full-length obestatin(1-23) were greater than those to obestatin(1-10) and obestatin(11-23). Obestatin(1-23)-induced relaxation was attenuated by endothelial denudation, L-NAME (NO synthase inhibitor), high extracellular K(+) , GDP-ß-S (G protein inhibitor), MDL-12,330A (adenylate cyclase inhibitor), wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor), KN-93 (CaMKII inhibitor), ODQ (guanylate cyclase inhibitor) and iberiotoxin (BK(Ca) blocker), suggesting that it is mediated by an endothelium-dependent NO signalling cascade involving an adenylate cyclase-linked G protein-coupled receptor, PI3K/Akt, Ca(2+) -dependent eNOS activation, soluble guanylate cyclase and modulation of vascular smooth muscle K(+) . Supporting data from BAEC indicated that nitrite production, intracellular Ca(2+) and Akt phosphorylation were increased after exposure to obestatin(1-23). Relaxations to obestatin(1-23) were unaltered by inhibitors of candidate endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factors (EDHFs) and combined SK(Ca) /IK(Ca) blockade, suggesting that EDHF-mediated pathways were not involved.

Conclusions and Implications:
Obestatin produces significant vascular relaxation via specific activation of endothelium-dependent NO signalling. These actions may be important in normal regulation of vascular function and are clearly relevant to diabetes, a condition characterised by endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular complications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-38
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
Early online date10 Apr 2012
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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