Die Hartz Gesetze - EU rechtliche Perspektiven

Translated title of the contribution: THe "Hartz" Legislation - EU law perspectives

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The article analyses the legislation reforming German unemployment benefits in line with the activation agenda. The legislation was named after its primary drafter, Mr Hartz, and resulted in the merger of social assistance and tax-funded unemployment benefit for the long term unemployed, an intensified activation agenda, the utilisation of temporary works agencies for bringing unemployed persons into work, as well as a system of vouchers to be used to access further training improving individual employment opportunities. The article offers a balanced assessment, concluding that the provision of vouchers (and thus the option to choose between commercial and public training courses) as well as the option to avail of commercial employment services complies better with EU Internal Market Law than the legislation prior to 2003, but that there are deficits in complying with Directive 2000/78, in particular as regards age discrimination
Translated title of the contributionTHe "Hartz" Legislation - EU law perspectives
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages11
JournalKritische Justiz (Critical Legal Studies)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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