The human Nail apparatus - An update on anatomy, pathology and treatment

Christoph R. Loeser, Luke Reid, Nicole Reeves, Eva M. Sweeney, Sebastian Cotofana*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Nail avulsion procedures are one of the most frequent therapeutic strategies applied in general and surgical practice for nail disorders. The loss of the integrity of the nail apparatus can lead to both aesthetic and functional impairment of the respective phalanx and is capable to generate serious discomfort for the patient. Therefore is the aim of this work, to present a different but delicate approach towards the nail apparatus by analyzing the specific anatomical site and its background in order to face the exemplified clinical problems by using a directed surgical approach based, whenever possible, on a one-step procedure for diagnosis and therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-191
Number of pages8
JournalKosmetische Medizin
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2015



  • Exostosis
  • Glomus tumor
  • Mucoid pseudocyst
  • Nail anatomy
  • Nail apparatus
  • Nail bed
  • Nail embryology
  • Nail matrix
  • Nail surgery

Cite this

Loeser, C. R., Reid, L., Reeves, N., Sweeney, E. M., & Cotofana, S. (2015). The human Nail apparatus - An update on anatomy, pathology and treatment. Kosmetische Medizin, 36(5), 184-191.