The impact of climate change on the state of carbon footprint in Nigeria

Sodiq Solagbade Oguntade*, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode, Oluwatoni Honour Afinjuomo, Victor Akolade Kayode, Toyeeb Abidemi Atanda, Oluwayomi Amupitan, Olatomide Blessing Ojajune, Abeeb Babajide Ajagbe, Michael Olamilekan Omonitan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Carbon emission in Nigeria is among the highest globally, and the country suffers from the impacts of climate change. The Nigerian government, international, and national non-governmental organisations have made efforts to curtail this scourge through laws, policies, programmes and projects. However, the country’s carbon footprint continues to increase, with over 82 million tonnes of CO2 emissions and CO2 emissions per capita of 0.44 tonnes per person in 2016. These carbon emissions adversely affect essential sectors in Nigeria, such as agriculture, health, power generation and security. The rainfall and temperature patterns have changed geographically in Nigeria due to climate change induced by carbon emissions, with some areas receiving excess rainfall and heat and vice versa. Therefore, all stakeholders must take holistic measures to reduce the carbon footprint, especially the government. A major challenge for this research is the non-availability of an up-to-date carbon profile of Nigeria to validate the progress made so far in reducing the carbon footprint, which should be the focus of subsequent research. Nevertheless, this chapter discusses the impact of climate change on the state of carbon footprint in Nigeria, the challenges, the implications, the current interventions, and sustainable recommendations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate change impacts on Nigeria. Environment and sustainable development
EditorsJohnbosco Egbueri, Joshua Ighalo, Pande Chaitanya
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9783031210075
ISBN (Print)9783031210068
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

Name Springer Climate
ISSN (Print)2352-0698
ISSN (Electronic)2352-0701


  • Climate change
  • Impact
  • Carbon footprint
  • Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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