The impact of ditch blocking on the hydrological functioning of blanket peatlands

Joseph Holden*, Sophie M. Green, Andy J. Baird, Richard P. Grayson, Gemma P. Dooling, Pippa J. Chapman, Christopher D. Evans, Mike Peacock, Graeme Swindles

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ditch blocking in blanket peatlands is common as part of peatland restoration. The effects of ditch blocking on flow regimes and nearby water tables were examined in a field trial. After an initial 6-month monitoring period, eight ditches had peat dams installed 10 m apart along their entire length (dammed), four of these ditches were also partially infilled through bank reprofiling (reprofiled). Four ditches were left open with no dams or reprofiling (open). These 12 ditches and the surrounding peat were monitored for 4 more years. An initial five-fold reduction in discharge occurred in the dammed and the reprofiled ditches with the displaced water being diverted to overland flow and pathways away from the ditches. However, there was a gradual change over time in ditch flow regime in subsequent years, with the overall volume of water leaving the dammed and the reprofiled ditches increasing per unit of rainfall to around twice that which occurred in the first year after blocking. Hence, monitoring for greater than one year is important for understanding hydrological impacts of peatland restoration. Overland flow and flow in the upper ~4 cm of peat was common and occurred in the inter-ditch areas for over half of the time after ditch blocking. There was strong evidence that topographic boundaries of small ditch catchments, despite being defined using a high-resolution Light Detection And Ranging-based terrain model, were not always equivalent to actual catchment areas. Hence, caution is needed when upscaling area-based fluxes, such as aquatic carbon fluxes, from smaller scale studies including those using ditches and small streams. The effect of ditch blocking on local water tables was spatially highly variable but small overall (time-weighted mean effect <2 cm). Practitioners seeking to raise water tables through peatland restoration should first be informed either by prior measurement of water tables or by spatial modelling to show whether the peatland already has shallow water tables or whether there are locations that could potentially undergo large water-table recoveries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-539
JournalHydrological Processes
Volume31
Issue number3
Early online date24 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • discharge
  • ditches
  • drainage
  • restoration
  • water tables
  • wetland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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  • Cite this

    Holden, J., Green, S. M., Baird, A. J., Grayson, R. P., Dooling, G. P., Chapman, P. J., Evans, C. D., Peacock, M., & Swindles, G. (2017). The impact of ditch blocking on the hydrological functioning of blanket peatlands. Hydrological Processes, 31(3), 525-539. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.11031