The Impact of EU Privacy Legislation on Biometric System Deployment: Protecting citizens but constraining applications

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Abstract

Biometric systems provide a valuable service in helping to identify individuals from their stored personal details. Unfortunately, with the rapidly increasing use of such systems, there is a growing concern about the possible misuse of that information. To counteract the threat, the European Union (EU) has introduced comprehensive legislation that seeks to regulate data collection and help strengthen an individual’s right to privacy. This article looks at the implications of the legislation for biometric system deployment. After an initial consideration of current privacy concerns, it examines what is meant by ‘personal data’ and its protection, in legislation terms. Also covered are issues around the storage of biometric data, including its accuracy, its security, and justification for what is collected. Finally, the privacy issues are illustrated through three biometric use cases: border security, online bank access control and customer profiling in stores.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Signal Processing Magazine
Volume32
Issue number5
Early online date12 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Biometrics
  • Privacy

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