The incidence and rate of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment seven years after cataract surgery in patients with high myopia

M.A. Williams, S. McGimpsey, S. Abugreen, W. Chan, J.A. Sharkey, R.M. Best, P.B. Johnston, Michael Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cataract extraction is the most commonly performed surgery in the National Health Service. Myopia increases the risk of postoperative rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and rate of RRD seven years after cataract extraction in highly myopic eyes. Methods: Retrospective review was performed of notes of all high myopes (axial length 26.0 mm or more) who underwent cataract extraction during the study period in one centre. Results: 84 eyes met the study criteria. Follow-up time from surgery was 93 to 147 months (median 127 months). The average axial length was 28.72 mm (sd 1.37). Two eyes developed post-operative RRD; the incidence was 2.4% and the rate one RRD per 441.6 person-years. The results of 15 other studies on the incidence of RRD after cataract extraction in high myopia were pooled and combined with our estimate. Conclusion: Both patients in our study who developed RRD had risk factors for this complication as well as high myopia. Risk factors are discussed in the light of our results and the pooled estimate. Our follow-up time is longer than most. Future case series should calculate rates to allow meaningful comparison of case series.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalThe Ulster Medical Journal
Volume78
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2009

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