The inclusion and juridification of victims on the Island of Ireland

Shane Kilcommins, Luke Moffett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Concern for crime victims has been a growing political issue in improving the legitimacy and success of the criminal justice system through the rhetoric of rights. Since the 1970s there have been numerous reforms and policy documents produced to enhance victims’ satisfaction in the criminal justice system. Both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland have seen a sea-change in more recent years from a focus on services for victims to a greater emphasis on procedural rights. The purpose of this chapter is to chart these reforms against the backdrop of wider political and regional changes emanating from the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights, and to critically examine whether the position of crime victims has actually ameliorated.

While separated into two legal jurisdictions, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland as common law countries have both grappled with similar challenges in improving crime victim satisfaction in adversarial criminal proceedings. This chapter begins by discussing the historical and theoretical concern for crime victims in the criminal justice system, and how this has changed in recent years. The rest of the chapter is split into two parts focusing on the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Both parts examine the provisions of services to victims, and the move towards more procedural rights for victims in terms of information, participation, protection and compensation. The chapter concludes by finding that despite being different legal jurisdictions, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland have introduced many similar reforms for crime victims in recent years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology
EditorsDeirdre Healy, Claire Hamilton, Yvonne Daly, Michelle Butler
PublisherRoutledge
Pages379--398
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781138019430
Publication statusPublished - 03 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Victims
  • Victims' Rights
  • Northern Ireland
  • Republic of Ireland

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  • Cite this

    Kilcommins, S., & Moffett, L. (2015). The inclusion and juridification of victims on the Island of Ireland. In D. Healy, C. Hamilton, Y. Daly, & M. Butler (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology (pp. 379--398). Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138019430