The objective of the work was to investigate the effect of compliant surfaces on the receptivity and bypass transition of a boundary layer. Hot wire measurements in the pre-transitional and transitional boundary layers on nine different compliant and one rigid surface with identical geometries were made. The experiments were conducted in air and the compliant surfaces were manufactured from gelatine covered by a 10 lm protective PVC film. The laminar boundary layer profiles and growth rate results were the same for all the surfaces. However, the receptivity of the laminar boundary layer to freestream disturbances increased close to the leading edge of each compliant surface. Further downstream the majority of the compliant surfaces were successful in reducing the receptivity to a value below that for the rigid surface. The transition onset position on the compliant surfaces ranged from 3% downstream to 20% upstream of the rigid surface position. It was concluded that compliant surfaces with optimum properties can reduce receptivity and delay transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials