The influence of cyclosporin alone, or cyclosporin and methotrexate, on the incidence of mixed haematopoietic chimaerism following allogeneic sibling bone marrow transplantation for severe aplastic anaemia

S McCann, J Passweg, A Bacigalupo, A Locasciulli, F Locatelli, J Ryan, H Schrezenmeier, M Lawler, Mark Lawler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported a randomized trial comparing Cyclosporin-A (CsA) and short-term methotrexate versus CsA alone for graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis in 71 patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a human leucocyte antigen-identical sibling for severe aplastic anaemia (SAA). We found a better survival in the group receiving the two-drug prophylaxis regimen with no significant difference in the probability of developing GvHD between the two groups. The present study details chimaeric analysis and its influence on survival and GvHD occurrence in 45 of the original 71 patients in whom serial samples were available. Analysis was carried out in a blinded prospective manner. Seventy-two per cent achieved complete donor chimaerism (DC), 11% stable mixed chimaerism (SMC) and 17% progressive mixed chimaerism (PMC). The overall 5-year survival probability was 82% (+/-11%) with a significant survival advantage (P = 0.0009) in DC or SMC compared to those with PMC. Chronic GvHD was more frequent in DC patients, whereas no patient with SMC developed chronic GvHD. Graft failure occurred in 50% of the PMC group. This study demonstrates the relevance of chimaerism analysis in patients receiving HSCT for SAA and confirms the occurrence of mixed chimaerism in a significant proportion of recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-14
Number of pages6
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anemia, Aplastic
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Child
  • Cyclosporine
  • Female
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
  • Histocompatibility Testing
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Male
  • Methotrexate
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Siblings
  • Transplantation Chimera
  • Transplantation, Homologous

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