The Means and Ends of Deliberative Democracy: Rejoinder to Gunn

J. Kuyper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This rejoinder represents a final installment in a debate between myself and Paul Gunn over the feasibility and desirability of deliberative democracy. Here I argue that our debate has helped clarify an ambivalence in the literature surrounding the ends and means of deliberative democracy. I specify two ways to understand both ends and means, establish their importance in deliberative theory, and show how they can be combined. I conclude by showing how this systemic view incorporates and overcomes several challenges facing modern democracy, such as the necessity of expert authority, the role of partisanship, and the problem of social complexity. © 2017 Critical Review Foundation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-350
JournalCritical Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Export Date: 19 September 2018

Correspondence Address: Kuyper, J.; Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Universitetsvägen 10 F, Sweden; email:

Funding text: Jonathan Kuyper, jonathan.kuyper, Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Universitetsvägen  F,  , Stockholm, Sweden, thanks Alfred Moore and Jeffrey Friedman for suggestions about the arguments made in this paper. A grant from Riksban-kens Jubileumsfond (P-:) and a grant from the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation for “The Democratization of International Organizations through the Involvement of Transnational Actors: Which? How? Why?” made this research possible.

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  • deliberative democracy
  • deliberative systems
  • epistemic democracy
  • partisanship
  • Paul Gunn


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