The merging of a coronal dimming and the southern polar coronal hole

Nawin Ngampoopun*, David M. Long, Deborah Baker, Lucie M. Green, Stephanie L. Yardley, Alexander W. James, Andy S. H. To

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


We report on the merging between the southern polar coronal hole and an adjacent coronal dimming induced by a coronal mass ejection on 2022 March 18, resulting in the merged region persisting for at least 72 hr. We use remote sensing data from multiple co-observing spacecraft to understand the physical processes during this merging event. The evolution of the merger is examined using Extreme-UltraViolet (EUV) images obtained from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory and Extreme Ultraviolet Imager, which is on board the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. The plasma dynamics are quantified using spectroscopic data obtained from the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode. The photospheric magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager are used to derive the magnetic field properties. To our knowledge, this work is the first spectroscopical analysis of the merging of two open-field structures. We find that the coronal hole and the coronal dimming become indistinguishable after the merging. The upflow speeds inside the coronal dimming become more similar to that of a coronal hole, with a mixture of plasma upflows and downflows observable after the merging. The brightening of the bright points and the appearance of coronal jets inside the merged region further imply ongoing reconnection processes. We propose that component reconnection between the coronal hole and coronal dimming fields plays an important role during this merging event because the footpoint switching resulting from the reconnection allows the coronal dimming to intrude onto the boundary of the southern polar coronal hole.
Original languageEnglish
Article number150
Number of pages13
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Solar coronal mass ejections
  • Solar magnetic reconnection
  • Solar physics
  • Solar magnetic fields
  • Ultraviolet spectroscopy
  • Solar extreme-ultraviolet emission
  • Solar corona
  • Solar coronal holes
  • Solar coronal transients
  • Stellar coronal dimming


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