The Multiple Facets of ETF Investing: A World-Wide Analysis

Si Cheng, Massimo Massa, Hong Zhang

Research output: Working paper


The global ETF industry provides more complicated investment vehicles than low-cost index trackers. Instead, we find that the real investments of ETFs that do not fully replicate their benchmarks may deviate from their benchmarks to leverage informational advantages (which leads to a surprising stock-selection ability), to benefit from the securities lending market, to support ETF-affiliated banks’ stock prices, and to help affiliated OEFs through cross-trading. These effects are more prevalent in ETFs domiciled in Europe. Market awareness of such additional risk is reflected in ETF outflows. These results have important normative implications for consumer protection and financial stability.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2013

Publication series

NameINSEAD Working Paper No. 2013/39/FIN

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