The Nature of Religious Diversity: A Cultural Ecosystem Approach

David Sloan Wilson , Hartberg Yasha, Ian MacDonald, Jonathan A. Lanman, Harvey Whitehouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Studies of religious and other cultural groups tend to be particularistic or focus on one or more axes of variation. In this article we develop a more comprehensive approach to studying cultural diversity that emulates the study of biological diversity. We compare our cultural ecosystem approach with the axis approach, using the distinction between “tight” and “loose” cultures as an example. We show that while the axis approach is useful, the cultural ecosystem approach adds considerable value to the axis approach. We end by advocating the establishment of field sites for the study of religious and cultural diversity, comparable to biological field sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-153
Number of pages20
JournalReligion, Brain, and Behavior
Issue number2
Early online date04 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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