Activities per year
The purpose of this study was to report the “Outcome Reporting in Brief Intervention Trials: Alcohol” (ORBITAL) recommended core outcome set (COS) to improve efficacy and effectiveness trials/evaluations for alcohol brief interventions (ABIs).
A systematic review identified 2,641 outcomes in 401 ABI articles measured by 1,560 different approaches. These outcomes were classified into outcome categories, and 150 participants from 19 countries participated in a two-round e-Delphi outcome prioritization exercise. This process prioritized 15 of 93 outcome categories for discussion at a consensus meeting of key stakeholders to decide the COS. A psychometric evaluation determined how to measure the outcomes.
Ten outcomes were voted into the COS at the consensus meeting: (a) typical frequency, (b) typical quantity, (c) frequency of heavy episodic drinking, (d) combined consumption measure summarizing alcohol use, (e) hazardous or harmful drinking (average consumption), (f) standard drinks consumed in the past week (recent, current consumption), (g) alcohol-related consequences, (h) alcohol-related injury, (i) use of emergency health care services (impact of alcohol use), and (j) quality of life.
The ORBITAL COS is an international consensus standard for future ABI trials and evaluations. It can improve the synthesis of new findings, reduce redundant/selective reporting (i.e., reporting only some, usually significant outcomes), improve between-study comparisons, and enhance the relevance of trial and evaluation findings to decision makers. The COS is the recommended minimum and does not exclude other, additional outcomes.
Bibliographical noteOpen Science - Yes
Funding Information: This study was supported by Alcohol Research UK (Research Innovation Grant Number: R2016/04).
- alcohol brief intervention
- screening and brief intervention
- consensus methods
- core outocme sets
- consensus standards
- hazardous drinking
- harmful drinking
- public health
- health psychology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Psychiatry and Mental health
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'The “Outcome Reporting in Brief Intervention Trials: Alcohol” (ORBITAL) Core Outcome Set: International Consensus on Outcomes to Measure in Efficacy and Effectiveness Trials of Alcohol Brief Interventions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
Measuring change from alcohol brief interventions: development of an international consensus core outcome set: full reportShorter, G. W., Heather, N., Bray, J. W., Berman, A. H., Giles, E. L., Clarke, M., Barbosa, C., O'Donnell, A. J., Holloway, A. & Newbury-Birch, D., 03 Jan 2023, Alcohol Change UK. 65 p.
Research output: Book/Report › Commissioned reportOpen AccessFile
The ORBITAL Core Outcome Set: Response to de Bejczy et al., 2022 on biomarkers and methodological innovation in core outcome setsShorter, G., Heather, N., Berman, A. H., Giles, E. L., Barbosa, C., Monteiro, M. G., Cowell, A., Toner, P. & Bray, J. W., 08 Mar 2022, In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 83, 2, p. 298-300
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile8 Downloads (Pure)
The ‘Outcome Reporting in Brief Intervention Trials: Alcohol’ (ORBITAL) core outcome set: international consensus on key outcomes in efficacy and effectiveness trials of alcohol brief interventionsShorter, G., 29 Jun 2021.
Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper › peer-review