The persistence of the HgCl2 molecule in five new compounds in the system (NH4)(w)HgxCly(H2O)(z) with w : x : y : z=1 : 5 : 11 : 0, 2 : 3 : 8 : 1, 4 : 3 : 10 : 2, 2 : 1 : 4 : 1, and 10 : 3 : 16 : 0

Peter Nockemann, I. Pantenburg, G. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five new compounds in the system (NH4)Cl/HgCl2/H2O have been obtained as colourless single crystals, (NH4)Hg5Cl11, (NH4)(2)Hg3Cl8(H2O), (NH4)(4)Hg3Cl10(H2O)(2), (NH4)(2)HgCl4(H2O), and (NH4)(10)Hg3Cl16. In all of these, as in HgCl2 itself, (almost) linear HgCl2 molecules persist with Hg-Cl distances varying from 229 to 236 pm. In (NH4)(10)Hg3Cl16 there are also tetrahedra [HgCl4] with d(Hg-Cl) = 247 pm present. If larger Hg-Cl distances (of up to 340 pm) are considered as belonging to the coordination sphere of Hg-II, the structures may be described as consisting of isolated octahedra and tetrahedra as in (NH4)(10)Hg3Cl16, edge-connected chains as in (NH4)(2)HgCl4(H2O), edge-connected chains and layers of octahedra as in (NH4)(4)Hg3Cl10(H2O)(2), corrugated layers of edge-connected octahedra as in (NH4)(2)Hg3Cl8(H2O), and, finally, a three-dimensional network of connected six- and seven-coordinate Hg-Cl polyhedra as in (NH4)Hg5Cl11. The water molecules are never attached to Hg-II. The (NH4)(+) cations, and sometimes Cl- anions, play a role for electroneutrality only.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-819
Number of pages6
JournalZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANORGANISCHE UND ALLGEMEINE CHEMIE
Volume633
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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