Air- and water-stable 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate salts with the general formula [C-mim][BF] (n = 0-18) have been prepared by metathesis from the corresponding chloride or bromide salts. The salts have been characterised by H NMR and IR spectroscopy, microanalysis, polarising optical microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. Those with short alkyl chains (n = 2-10) are isotropic ionic liquids at room temperature and exhibit a wide liquid range, whereas the longer chain analogues are low melting mesomorphic crystalline solids which display an enantiotropic smectic A mesophase. The thermal range of the mesophase increases with increasing chain length and in the case of the longest chain salt prepared, [C-mim][BF], the mesophase range is ca. 150°C.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jan 1999|