THE PRIMARY STRUCTURE OF PANCREATIC-POLYPEPTIDE FROM A PRIMITIVE INSECTIVOROUS MAMMAL, THE EUROPEAN HEDGEHOG (ERINACEOUS-EUROPAEUS)

Nicola Marks, Christopher Shaw, D W Halton, L. Thim

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Abstract

Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been isolated from extracts of the pancreas of the European hedgehog (Erinaceous europaeus) which is a representative of the order Insectivora, deemed to be the most primitive group of placental mammals. Pancreatic tissues were extracted in acidified ethanol and the peptide was purified chromatographically using a PP C-terminal hexapeptide amide specific radioimmunoassay to monitor purification. Two major PP-immunoreactive peptides were baseline-resolved following the final analytical reverse phase HPLC fractionation. Each was separately subjected to plasma desorption mass spectroscopy (PDMS) and gas-phase sequencing. The molecular masses of each peptide were similar: (I) 4237.6 +/- 4 Da and (II) 4238.2 +/- 4 Da. The full primary structures of each peptide were deduced and these were identical: VPLEPVYPGDNATPEQMAHYAAELRRYINMLTRPRY. The peptides were deemed to be amidated due to their full molar cross-reactivity with the amide-requiring PP antiserum employed in radioimmunoassay. The molecular mass (4233.8 Da) calculated from the sequence was in close agreemeent with PDMS estimates and the reason for the different retention times of each peptide is unknown at present. Hedgehog PP exhibits only 2 unique amino acid substitutions, at positions 1 (Val) and 19 (His), when compared with other mammalian analogues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume47
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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