The RBPome of influenza A virus mRNA reveals a role for TDP-43 in viral replication

Tim Krischuns, Maud Dupont, Quentin Giai-Gianetto, Sylvain Paisant, Stefano Bonazza, Jean-Baptiste Brault, Thibaut Douché, Joel Perez-Perri, Matthias Hentze, Stephen Cusack, Mariette Matondo, Catherine Isel*, David Courtney*, Nadia Naffakh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent technical advances have significantly improved our understanding of the RNA-binding protein (RBP) repertoire present within eukaryotic cells, with a particular focus on the RBPs that interact with cellular polyadenylated mRNAs. However, recent studies utilising the same technologies have begun to tease apart the RBP interactome of viral mRNAs, notably SARS-CoV-2, revealing both similarities and differences between the RBP profiles of viral and cellular mRNAs. Herein, we comprehensively identified the RBPs that associate with the NP mRNA of an influenza A virus. Moreover, we provide evidence that the viral polymerase is essential for the recruitment of RPBs to viral mRNAs through direct polymerase-RBP interactions during transcription. We show that loss of TDP-43, which associates with the viral mRNAs, results in lower levels of viral mRNAs within infected cells, and a decreased yield of infectious viral particles. Overall, our results uncover an important role for TDP-43 in the influenza A virus replication cycle via a direct interaction with viral mRNAs, and point to a role of the viral polymerase in orchestrating the assembly of viral mRNPs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Publication statusAccepted - 07 Mar 2024

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