The relationship between time attitudes profiles and self-efficacy, sensation seeking, and alcohol use: An exploratory study

Michael T. McKay*, Andrew Percy, Jon C. Cole, Frank C. Worrell, James R. Andretta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing body of research has begun to report on time attitudes which specifically refers to an individual's emotional and evaluative feelings toward the past, the present, and the future. The present study used data from the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study in the United Kingdom. Sample 1 consisted of 1580 adolescents (40% female, 1.7% unreported) in Northern Ireland, while Sample 2 consisted of 813 adolescents (46.7% female, 1.4% unreported) in Scotland. Five similar time attitudes profiles emerged in both countries, with one additional "balanced" profile in Scotland. Results show that there were no substantive differences between profiles in terms of socio-demographic indicators. However, in respect of academic, social and emotional self-efficacy, best results were observed for those with Positive, Ambivalent, and Balanced profiles, with the reverse true for those with Negative, Past Negative, and Pessimistic profiles. Positives were also less likely to report using alcohol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume97
Early online date31 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent Time Inventory-Time Attitudes Scale
  • Alcohol
  • Self-efficacy
  • Sensation seeking
  • Time attitudes profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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