Background. The success of transplantation is hampered by rejection of the graft by alloreactive T cells. Donor dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to be required for direct priming of immune responses to antigens from major histocompatibility complex-mismatched grafts. However, for immune responses to major histocompatibility complex-matched, minor histocompatibility (H) antigen mismatched grafts, the magnitude of the T-cell response to directly presented antigens is reduced, and the indirect pathway is more important. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the requirement for donor DC to directly present antigen from minor H antigen mismatched skin and hematopoietic grafts.
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