The scaffolding protein AKAP12 regulates mRNA localization and translation

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Abstract

Regulation of subcellular messenger (m)RNA localization is a fundamental biological mechanism, which adds a spatial dimension to the diverse layers of post-transcriptional control of gene expression. The cellular compartment in which mRNAs are located may define distinct aspects of the encoded proteins, ranging from production rate and complex formation to localized activity. Despite the detailed roles of localized mRNAs that have emerged over the past decades, the identity of factors anchoring mRNAs to subcellular domains remains ill-defined. Here, we used an unbiased method to profile the RNA-bound proteome in migrating endothelial cells (ECs) and discovered that the plasma membrane (PM)–associated scaffolding protein A-kinase anchor protein (AKAP)12 interacts with various mRNAs, including transcripts encoding kinases with Actin remodeling activity. In particular, AKAP12 targets a transcript coding for the kinase Abelson Tyrosine-Protein Kinase 2 (ABL2), which we found to be necessary for adequate filopodia formation and angiogenic sprouting. Moreover, we demonstrate that AKAP12 is necessary for anchoring ABL2 mRNA to the PM and show that in the absence of AKAP12, the translation efficiency of ABL2 mRNA is reduced. Altogether, our work identified a unique post-transcriptional function for AKAP12 and sheds light into mechanisms of spatial control of gene expression.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2320609121
Number of pages3
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume121
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2024

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