The signature of orbital motion from the dayside of the planet τ Boötis b

Matteo Brogi*, Ignas A.G. Snellen, Remco J. De Kok, Simon Albrecht, Jayne Birkby, Ernst J.W. De Mooij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The giant planet orbiting τ Boötis (named τ Boötis b) was amongst the first extrasolar planets to be discovered. It is one of the brightest exoplanets and one of the nearest to us, with an orbital period of just a few days. Over the course of more than a decade, measurements of its orbital inclination have been announced and refuted, and have hitherto remained elusive. Here we report the detection of carbon monoxide absorption in the thermal dayside spectrum of τ Boötis b. At a spectral resolution of ∼100,000, we trace the change in the radial velocity of the planet over a large range in phase, determining an orbital inclination of 44.5 ° ±1.5 ° and a mass 5.95 ±0.28 times that of Jupiter, demonstrating that atmospheric characterization is possible for non-transiting planets. The strong absorption signal points to an atmosphere with a temperature that is decreasing towards higher altitudes, in contrast to the temperature inversion inferred for other highly irradiated planets. This supports the hypothesis that the absorbing compounds believed to cause such atmospheric inversions are destroyed in τ Boötis b by the ultraviolet emission from the active host star.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-504
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume486
Issue number7404
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Brogi, M., Snellen, I. A. G., De Kok, R. J., Albrecht, S., Birkby, J., & De Mooij, E. J. W. (2012). The signature of orbital motion from the dayside of the planet τ Boötis b. Nature, 486(7404), 502-504. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11161