The sites of neural adaptation induced by resistance training in humans

T.J. Carroll, S. Riek, Richard Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Citations (Scopus)


Although it has long been supposed that resistance training causes adaptive changes in the CNS, the sites and nature of these adaptations have not previously been identified. In order to determine whether the neural adaptations to resistance training occur to a greater extent at cortical or subcortical sites in the CNS, we compared the effects of resistance training on the electromyographic (EMG) responses to transcranial magnetic (TMS) and electrical (TES) stimulation. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the first dorsal interosseous muscle of 16 individuals before and after 4 weeks of resistance training for the index finger abductors (n=8), or training involving finger abduction-adduction without external resistance (n=8). TMS was delivered at rest at intensities from 5% below the passive threshold to the maximal output of the stimulator. TMS and TES were also delivered at the active threshold intensity while the participants exerted torques ranging from 5 to 60% of their maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) torque. The average latency of MEPs elicited by TES was significantly shorter than that of TMS MEPs (TES latency=21.5+/-1.4 ms; TMS latency=23.4+/-1.4 ms; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-652
Number of pages12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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