In this study we report on the synthesis, kinetic characterization and application of a novel biotinylated and active-site-directed inactivator of cathepsin B. Thus the peptidyliazomethane biotinyl-Phe-Ala-diazomethane has been synthesized by a combination of solid-phase and solution methodologies and has been shown to be a very efficient inactivator of bovine and human cathepsin B. The respective apparent second-order rate constants (k0bs./[I]) for the inactivation of the human and bovine enzymes by this reagent, namely approximately 5.4 x 10(4) M-1 and approximately 7.8 x 10(4) M-1, compare very favourably with those values determined for the urethane-protected analogue benzloxycarbonyl-Phe-Ala-chloromethane first described by Green & Shaw [(1981) J.Biol. Chem. 256, 1923-1928], thus demonstrating that the presence of the biotin moiety at the P3 position is compatible with inhibitor effectiveness. The utilization of this reagent for the detection of cathepsin B in electrophoretic gels, using Western blotting and in combination with a streptavidin/alkaline phosphatase detection system, is also demonstrated. Given that the peptidydiazomethanes exhibit a pronounced reactivity towards cysteine proteinases, we feel that the present label may well constitute the archetypal example of a wide range of reagents for the selective labelling of this class of proteinase, even in a complex biological milieu containing additional classes of proteinases.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|