The Type Ic SN 2007gr: a census of the ejecta from late-time optical-infrared spectra

P.A. Mazzali, I. Maurer, Stefano Valenti, Rubina Kotak, David Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nebular spectra of supernovae (SNe) offer an unimpeded view of the inner region of the ejecta, where most nucleosynthesis takes place. Optical spectra cover most, but not all, of the emitting elements and therefore offer only a partial view of the products of the explosion. Simultaneous optical-infrared spectra, on the other hand, contain emission lines of all important elements, from C and O through to the intermediate mass elements (IME) Mg, Si, S, Ca and to Fe and Ni. In particular, Si and S are best seen in the IR. The availability of IR data makes it possible to explore in greater detail the results of the explosion. SN 2007gr is the first Type Ic SN for which such data are available. Modelling the spectra with a non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) code reveals that the inner ejecta contain similar to 1M(circle dot) of material within a velocity of approximate to 4500 km s(-1). The same mass of Ni-56 derived from the light-curve peak (0.076M(circle dot)) was used to power the spectrum, yielding consistent results. Oxygen is the dominant element, contributing similar to 0.8M(circle dot). The C/O ratio is
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume408
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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