Thermal investigation and kinetic modeling of lignocellulosic biomass combustion for energy production and other applications

Ahmed I. Osman , Adel Abdelkader, Christopher R. Johnston, Kevin Morgan, David W. Rooney

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Abstract

Herein, we studied the combustion and pyrolysis for miscanthus × giganteus (Elephant Grass) using TG/DSC techniques. Currently, miscanthus is used to an extent in energy generation applications however; issues with regards to its physicochemical combustion characteristics currently hinder this uptake. In this work, the thermal and kinetic analysis of dry miscanthus and its char were investigated for a better understanding of its physicochemical combustion characteristics and consequently, achieving the highest benefit from the combustion process. Different kinetic modeling has been used to calculate the activation energy and the kinetic parameters during combustion/pyrolysis such as the ASTM-E698, Flynn-Wall and Ozawa (FWO) and differential iso-conversional methods. It was observed that the activation energy values were 22.3, 40-150 and 40-165 kJ mol-1 for miscanthus, respectively. Furthermore, miscanthus species were tested in wastewater treatment and showed a potential for the rapid removal of cadmium heavy metal. In addition, a study of miscanthus ash was performed and indicated that it can be used as a source of potassium in the fertiliser industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12119-12130
Number of pages12
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume56
Early online date06 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2017

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Biomass
Kinetics
Ashes
Pyrolysis
Activation energy
Fertilizers
Heavy Metals
Cadmium
Kinetic parameters
Wastewater treatment
Heavy metals
Potassium
Hot Temperature
Industry

Cite this

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title = "Thermal investigation and kinetic modeling of lignocellulosic biomass combustion for energy production and other applications",
abstract = "Herein, we studied the combustion and pyrolysis for miscanthus × giganteus (Elephant Grass) using TG/DSC techniques. Currently, miscanthus is used to an extent in energy generation applications however; issues with regards to its physicochemical combustion characteristics currently hinder this uptake. In this work, the thermal and kinetic analysis of dry miscanthus and its char were investigated for a better understanding of its physicochemical combustion characteristics and consequently, achieving the highest benefit from the combustion process. Different kinetic modeling has been used to calculate the activation energy and the kinetic parameters during combustion/pyrolysis such as the ASTM-E698, Flynn-Wall and Ozawa (FWO) and differential iso-conversional methods. It was observed that the activation energy values were 22.3, 40-150 and 40-165 kJ mol-1 for miscanthus, respectively. Furthermore, miscanthus species were tested in wastewater treatment and showed a potential for the rapid removal of cadmium heavy metal. In addition, a study of miscanthus ash was performed and indicated that it can be used as a source of potassium in the fertiliser industry.",
author = "Osman, {Ahmed I.} and Adel Abdelkader and Johnston, {Christopher R.} and Kevin Morgan and Rooney, {David W.}",
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T1 - Thermal investigation and kinetic modeling of lignocellulosic biomass combustion for energy production and other applications

AU - Osman , Ahmed I.

AU - Abdelkader, Adel

AU - Johnston, Christopher R.

AU - Morgan, Kevin

AU - Rooney, David W.

PY - 2017/10/25

Y1 - 2017/10/25

N2 - Herein, we studied the combustion and pyrolysis for miscanthus × giganteus (Elephant Grass) using TG/DSC techniques. Currently, miscanthus is used to an extent in energy generation applications however; issues with regards to its physicochemical combustion characteristics currently hinder this uptake. In this work, the thermal and kinetic analysis of dry miscanthus and its char were investigated for a better understanding of its physicochemical combustion characteristics and consequently, achieving the highest benefit from the combustion process. Different kinetic modeling has been used to calculate the activation energy and the kinetic parameters during combustion/pyrolysis such as the ASTM-E698, Flynn-Wall and Ozawa (FWO) and differential iso-conversional methods. It was observed that the activation energy values were 22.3, 40-150 and 40-165 kJ mol-1 for miscanthus, respectively. Furthermore, miscanthus species were tested in wastewater treatment and showed a potential for the rapid removal of cadmium heavy metal. In addition, a study of miscanthus ash was performed and indicated that it can be used as a source of potassium in the fertiliser industry.

AB - Herein, we studied the combustion and pyrolysis for miscanthus × giganteus (Elephant Grass) using TG/DSC techniques. Currently, miscanthus is used to an extent in energy generation applications however; issues with regards to its physicochemical combustion characteristics currently hinder this uptake. In this work, the thermal and kinetic analysis of dry miscanthus and its char were investigated for a better understanding of its physicochemical combustion characteristics and consequently, achieving the highest benefit from the combustion process. Different kinetic modeling has been used to calculate the activation energy and the kinetic parameters during combustion/pyrolysis such as the ASTM-E698, Flynn-Wall and Ozawa (FWO) and differential iso-conversional methods. It was observed that the activation energy values were 22.3, 40-150 and 40-165 kJ mol-1 for miscanthus, respectively. Furthermore, miscanthus species were tested in wastewater treatment and showed a potential for the rapid removal of cadmium heavy metal. In addition, a study of miscanthus ash was performed and indicated that it can be used as a source of potassium in the fertiliser industry.

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