Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) exhibit a complex material behaviour due to thermo-mechanical coupling. At present, the understanding of their material behaviour under different thermo-mechanical loading conditions relevant to civil engineering applications is lacking even though they have been widely used in the past decade or so, for example mechanical behaviour at constant stress but variable temperature loading has not received much attention in civil engineering. In this study a comparative analysis of the mechanical behaviour of various NiTi-based SMAs is carried out to investigate: (1) stress-elongation and stress-temperature response under direct tensile loading; (2) thermo-mechanical behaviour under constant stress condition but under variable temperature loading (to investigate their ability to exhibit shape memory effect, if any, while carrying load); and (3) the ability to develop and retain recovery stress at room and sub-zero temperatures. Essentially, all these tests aim at investigating the potential/limitations of the SMAs in civil engineering in particular re-centring and heat-activated prestressing applications. The results from this study showed that at a constant stress of 600 MPa a large forward transformation strain, in the range of 5%–11%, is produced in NiTi-based SMAs when the temperature is lowered to or below the room temperature. This material behaviour of NiTi-based SMAs could be detrimental in many civil engineering applications of NiTi-based SMAs. However, all NiTi-based SMAs used in this study were found to have a good potential for re-centring applications, but only austenitic NiTi-based SMAs were found suitable for long-term prestressing applications. The maximum recovery stress developed on heating with constrained boundary conditions ranged between 230–750 MPa.
|Journal||Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Mar 2021|